CARPET STYLES / TYPE
Tufted carpets, although having common elements in Construction can take on different appearances due to the style in which they are tufted. As in all other aspects of carpet, the use and traffic to which the carpet will be subjected must be considered when selecting the carpet style. Below are descriptions of the most popular carpet styles.
The smoothest finish of all carpet and generally considered to be the most elegant. High density, usually in conjunction with little or no twist compared to other cut pile styles, allow the pile fibers to blend together. This reduces the definition of individual yarn ends. The pile height is usually shorter than other cut piles and requires finer shearing during manufacturing. This style is prone to a higher degree of shading and footprints.
PLUSH OR SAXONY PLUSH
Not quite as formal as velvets, this style also has a dense, smooth finish. More twist in the yarn creates greater definition of individual yarn tips. This style of carpet is well-suited for more formal areas of the home and as with velvets, will show shadings and footprints.
Less formal than the plusher, this is probably the most popular of the cut pile finishes. The density is less than that of a plush and the individual yarns are more defined. With variations in the degree of twist and density, a wide selection of styling effects are possible and surface variances can even create a textured appearance.
CUT AND LOOP OR SCULPTURED
By adding lower loops to the Saxony cut pile, the contrasting heights and textures of the yarns create a carved appearance also known as tracery. This style is available in solid colors, multi-toned or multi-colored varieties.
The solid tones have a more formal appearance and the patterning of the sculpture is usually more evident. The multi-tones and multi colored types may show less of an identifiable traffic lane than other carpet styles. (See EFFECTS OF COLOR)
LEVEL CUT AND LOOP
This construction is similar to the above except that the cut and loop piles are of equal height. This eliminates the “sculptured” effect and relies more heavily on the texture variation of the finish
This type of carpet is basically a Saxony, but each tuft is “kinked” due to the hard twist in the yarn. This creates a textured effect rather than a smooth surface, even though the actual yarn lengths may be uniform. A frieze carpet can be used in all areas suitable for a Saxony carpet and may be desirable by consumers who object to the heavy shadings and highlights often visible in Saxony’s and plushes. Light reflection from this style sometimes gives the effect of a tone-on-tone coloration from what is actually a solid color. Another feature of this style is its ability to hide footprints.
This is the simplest construction and least formal. The pile is left in a loop configuration rather than sheared and all of the tufts (yarns) are of an even height that provides good wearing qualities.
Similar in construction to the level loop above, the distinction here is an uneven surface. This is created by two or more different loop heights. This may be done randomly to create an uneven or textured surface or in a uniform manner that creates a pattern by the texture.
A loop carpet using a thicker yarn than a level loop. This type of carpet is frequently done in beige tones or pastels for a “natural” effect. Berber carpet is available in patterned or textured (multi-level loops) as well. Berber carpets are suitable where a casual decor is desired, i.e. den, family room, etc. This style of carpet is less dense than a level loop and would not be advisable for installation in a kitchen or in areas where debris can easily imbed itself deeply into the carpet.